This massive artistic, cultural and historic museum is housed in the buildings of the Winter Palace (B.Rastrelli, architect), the Little Hermitage (Valiin de la Mothe and Felten, architects). The Museum's holdings began to be collected as early as the 18t
h century. It was considered to be the personal property of the tsarist family and was located in the common rooms of the Winter Palace, which became known as the Hermitage.
The museum's current holdings include over three million items. Of particular interest are Western European works of art: antique sculptures, the masterpieces of Leonardo da Vincy, Raphael, Michelangelo, Titian, Rubens, Rembrant, to name a few. Exhibits a
re continually held in the Winter Palace's ceremonial halls.
The Russian Museum
The Treasure-house of Russian art. The Museum was opened in 1898 in the Mikhailovsky Palace, built by C.Rossi.
Museum's expositions display paintings, sculptures and drawings which tell the story of Russian art from the 10th century down to the present. The works of A.Rublev, F.Shubin, O.Kiprensky, P.Fedotov, I.Repin, I.Levitan, and many others, are held here. Of
major interest is the Portrait Gallery in the Mikhailovsky Castle. This Historical gallery includes the portraits of the tsarist family and of people close to it. It is located in the recently restored apartments of Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich.
Museum of the History of St.Petersburg
The Museum is located an the grounds of the Peter and Paul Fortress,which began to be constructed in 1703.
This histiric and architectural museum includes, among other attractions, the Peter and Paul Cathedral (St.Petersburg's tallest Building), the House of "Grandfather of the Russian Fleet", the Petrovskie and Nevskie Gates.
In the Komendantsky House there is an exposition on the history of St.Petersburg and numerous other exhibitions are also held here.
Outstanding architectural monument dating from the first half of the 19th century. Among others, the following people participated in its construction: architects O.Montferrand and V.Stasov, the sculptor P.Klodt and the painter K.Bryullov.
The Cathedral's construction lasted 40 years and was completed in 1858. For its internal decoration many different types of stone were used: lapis lazuli, malachite, porphyry and marble. The Cathedral's furniture is embellished with dilding and bronze. Nu
merous paintings and mosaics grace its walls and arches.
Created by the architect A.Voronikhin, it was opened in 1811. Here are housed the spoils of the War of 1812 and here the great Field Marshal M.Kutuzov is buried.
The Cathedral is really a pantheon of Russian martial glory. The statues and interior of the Cathedral are the work of the best sculptors of the time: S.Pimenov and I.Martos, among other.
The Museum was founded in 1709 by Peter I's decree on the formation of a "Room for model ships" at the Admiralty.
The collection is housed in the building on the Vasilievsky Island Point, created in the early 19th century.
Among the Museum's exhibits are over 1500 model ships, banners, weapons, and historic documents.